We’ve been talking about the different types of transitions we can create between scenes and plot events. At the end of every scene, readers might put down our book and decide against picking it up again, so it’s important to understand transitions and what we can do to keep readers interested.
We first discussed how how to avoid the types of transitions that make our writing feel more episodic. Then we dug into another type of transition found in stories with multiple points of view or subplots.
In that second post, I mentioned that one way to keep readers interested, especially with a “meanwhile” transition, is to use hooks at the end of scenes. Hooks can ensure readers desperately want to stick around to see what happens next, even if they have to wait a scene or two to find out.
A couple of years ago, Mary Buckham visited with a guest post about hooks, explaining the types of hooks that can appear anywhere in our story. She defines hooks as ideas within sentences that make readers sit up and take notice.
Today, we’re narrowing our focus onto the types of hook-sentences that will strengthen our scene endings (and thus our scenes).
Definition: What Is a Scene?
Before we dig in, let’s make sure we’re all using the same definitions for the purpose of this post.
We usually think of a scene as events that occur in a specific place and/or time (or a specific point of view (POV)). When the story jumps ahead a day or switches to a different location or POV, boom, we have a new scene.
Goal vs. Reaction Scenes
However, sometimes when writers talk about scenes, we’re referring to the idea of scenes and sequels. The idea of scenes and sequels came from Dwight Swain in his book, Techniques of the Selling Writer.
The differentiation he makes between them is not the same as how we usually think of scenes. In his book, he says:
Scenes are made up of:
- Goal: What the protagonist wants at the beginning of the scene.
- Conflict: The obstacles standing in the way.
- Disaster: What happens that prevents the protagonist from reaching their goal.
Sequels are made up of:
- Reaction: How the character reacts to the Disaster.
- Dilemma: The choice the character faces because of the Disaster.
- Decision: What the character decides to do next (new goal or new attempt to reach old goal).
In this post, we’re referring to the former definition of scenes, but understanding the idea of scenes and sequels will help us too.
Why Are Scenes Breaks So Important?
The blank line or chapter break at the end of a specific time/place/POV scene will often trigger readers to put down the book. (Silly humans, needing sleep. *smile*) So the last line before the break is important to give them encouragement to pick up the book again later.
The last line of a scene is often one of the most important sentences in a scene. The last line…:
- sticks with the reader during their break.
- acts like the last line of a story.
- helps the reader trust the author and the story, with evidence of storytelling skills that give hope for a point to the story.
- emphasizes the point or arc (plot or emotional) of a scene.
- can give a sense of meaning or purpose to the scene.
Five ways strong final sentences for each scene help our story... Click To TweetIn case you’re not sure what I mean by the last two bullets, think of a scene as a mini-story. The end of the scene brings everything together just as a story’s resolution illuminates the point of the story.
As a pantser (writing by the seat of my pants), I’ve found that I sometimes don’t know what the point of a scene is until I write the ending. When the ending comes to me, suddenly everything else in the scene will make sense.
Each of those five traits of last lines acts as a hook and/or makes the rest of the scene stronger for being given a sense of purpose. Either way, our scene and story are stronger and more compelling to readers.
What Types of Last Lines Are Strongest?
What makes a scene ending strong? Click To TweetWhen I’m wearing my freelance editor hat, I frequently give my clients suggestions for their scenes’ last lines. I’m usually looking for something that adds meaning or resonance to the scene or story.
Let’s go through the different types of sentences we might have and talk about how to make them stronger…
We often lead off stories and scenes with action for in media res. However, the same technique doesn’t necessarily work as well for scene endings unless…:
- the action is surprising (often used with cliffhanger endings):
She opened the trap door to the attic and a body tumbled out.
- the action is symbolic:
She turned off the light and left the room.
As straight action, the example in the second bullet point would be boring. If her action is symbolic of her turning a corner in her arc, the action would resonate with other aspects of the story.
Dialogue works similarly. Straight and normal dialogue would be boring for the end of a scene, but can be made to work if it adds something like:
- the dialogue is surprising (like with cliffhanger endings):
(Imagine a scene of a husband and mistress in bed and then…)
“Honey, I’m home.”
- the dialogue expresses an emotion or goal:
“You won’t catch me again.”
Internalization is the internal version of dialogue, so similar factors make internalizations stronger:
- the internalization reveals something new or surprising:
He’d learned his lesson about not trusting people years ago.
- the internalization expresses an emotion (like an epiphany or self-deluding lie) or a goal (like a vow or decision):
He wouldn’t make the same mistake again.
By this point, we should all see the commonalities between what works for strong scene-ending sentences. For other types of sentences (non-action, non-dialogue, and non-internalization), it might be harder to see how to bring out the surprise or emotion, but the same concepts apply.
Whether we’re talking about setting and description sentences, non-verbal communication, visceral responses, etc., we want to…:
- evoke emotions directly in the reader through new and/or surprising information:
The house where she’d grown up was no longer there.
- evoke emotions indirectly in the reader through characters and situations creating emotions and goals.
Let’s go through a few examples of the latter style, where narrative sentences add emotional resonance or meaning:
- Characters being faced with a choice:
The darkened surroundings made her question her plan.
- Situations increasing the stakes:
The sun was sinking below the horizon faster than she could escape the woods.
- Characters or situations increasing conflict or tension:
A wolf howled in the distance.
- Situations foreshadowing events:
Storm clouds blocked the moonlight, hiding her path.
- Characters strengthening their motivation for goal:
Her stomach rumbled, reminding her that on top of everything else going wrong, she’d missed dinner too.
- Situations creating a mystery or question:
If this wasn’t the right path, where was it leading her?
How Can We Fix a Boring Scene Ending?
While none of my examples above are pathetically “weak,” some are stronger than others, and that’s okay. Strengthening scene endings is often something we work on in edits.
On some level, my advice here is super obvious, but sometimes we need the obvious expressed in a different way to see things from another perspective. *smile*
If we have a weak final sentence, we can do one of two things:
- Change the Sentence:
Changing the sentence might mean that we bring our more emotion in the sentence we have, such as using power words or emphasizing different aspects. Or it might mean that we decide to end the scene in a different place, such as using an earlier sentence before our scene’s events peter out.
- Add More Sentences to Give Resonance or Meaning:
Sometimes if our scene doesn’t end on an emotional note, it’s because we ended our scene too early, before we gave the scene a point (or at least before we emphasized the point). In this case, it’s often easiest to add a sentence or two to drive the scene’s arc home.
For example, if we end on straight action that’s not surprising or symbolic, we could add a final internalization that acts as an emotional summary of what they’ve learned (or what they’re in denial about) so far, giving the scene an emotional purpose.
She turned off the light and left the room. If only she could leave behind her past as easily.
In other words, if our scene is missing resonance or meaning, it might be because we have a Dwight Swain style of scene, but we’re missing the sequel that goes along with it. Sometimes, emphasizing a character’s reaction and decision to the scene’s events can add a sense of completeness to the scene.
What Can Strong Scenes Do for Our Story?
Strong final sentences can make each of our scenes feel like a mini-story, with goals, conflicts, stakes, and an arc of change. If most of our scenes contribute this level of strength, our whole story will feel stronger as a result. It will feel like more than the sum of its parts.
Most importantly, when each individual scene is strong, our readers will trust us to bring that strength to the overall story. When readers trust us, they’re more likely to sit back, follow our lead, and enjoy the story.
Do our readers trust us? Try building stronger scenes. Click To TweetWe’ve probably all read stories where we felt like we were in the hands of a master storyteller. Even when things felt off, we trusted that it would all make sense in the end. Oddities didn’t pull us out of the story or break our suspension of disbelief.
That’s what we want to create for our readers. We want our readers to trust that our story works. That our plot twists aren’t tricks. That there’s a point to our story.
Scenes that feel meaningful lead to stories that feel meaningful. So just a small change—a sentence or two per scene—can make the difference between weak stories and stronger stories…and happy readers. *smile*
Have you read stories with really strong scene endings before? What made them strong? Or what makes scene endings weak to you? Do you struggle with how to end scenes? Does this post help? Can you think of other styles of sentences that make for strong endings?Pin It